Four different ways to pronounce the letter “Tt”
Like most native English speakers, I used to think that the letter “T” was one of our easier letters to pronounce. We don’t teach children in elementary school to change the pronunciation much, except for when “t” occurs together with “h”. The American English pronunciation of this letter seems to be easy – no “i before e” or “silent letter” phenomenon here, I thought. In fact, if you ask most American English speakers what the 4 different pronunciations of the letter “T” are, they probably won’t be able to tell you! But they will notice when you don’t pronounce those different versions – or “allophones” – of the letter “T.”
In this video, I highlight the 4 different, most common pronunciations of the letter “T.” They are:
1. American English Pronuciation – Normal “T” sound /t/
2. American English Pronuciation – Quick “D” sound /t̬/
3. American English Pronuciation – Glottal stop /ʔ/
4. American English Pronuciation – Omitted/Deleted sound
Choosing which sound to produce depends entirely upon the surrounding context of the letter “T”, either within the word or in connecting words. Which sound comes before and which sound comes after the letter “T” determines which sound should be produced.
Of course, there are even more possible pronunciations of letter “T.” There are specific letter combinations, like the “th” /θ/ I mentioned previously, as well as the /ʃ/ in the “tion” words like “motion.” And there are the exceptions of borrowed words like “buffet” as well. But the four sounds we focus on in this video are general rules, not just specific letter combinations or exceptions.
Because the sounds are allophones, meaning they are all acceptable variations of a single sound, you probably won’t confuse anyone by using the wrong one. However, you will sound less fluent and less like a native speaker if you use the wrong pronunciation. So if you want to sound more natural, study and practice these sounds!